Bokashi Technology: The Things You Need to Know

Living green is easier said than done.

Or so you think.

Our common dilemma when recycling is remaining committed and seeing through the whole activity. Naturally, it requires extra effort. But, it need not be a tedious process. Bokashi composting for one promotes for effective, but simple home waste solutions.

Bokashi traces its roots from a Japanese term roughly translated to mean fermented organic matter. It’s a composting process utilizing anaerobic items as food waste, fruit peelings, and other kitchen discards. With Effective Microorganism as its additive, the compost is highly useful as a base for gardens and agricultural lands.  

Many rural homes are opting for Bokashi. If you have tight space or is not yet ready for extensive recycling activities, you might want to begin with Bokashi.

Here are few of the important things you need to know about Bokashi:

The materials

  • Bokashi Bin


A Bokashi bin is a specially designed container. This receptacle houses the compost and is covered with an airtight lid. Below it is a tap that dispenses the Bokashi tea.

Some prefer creating their own bucket by drilling a hole for the Bokashi juice to drain. However, there are bins readily available to you.

  • Bokashi starter

This is the magical element of the composting process. The core ingredients include essential microbes (EM), bran, water, and sugar.  This spellbinding ingredient contains life and food for self-sufficiency that facilitates the fermentation process.

The EM, which is the living microorganisms in the powder, multiply to enable fermentation. Water and sugar serve as food and the bran houses the bacteria.

  • Organic materials

Kitchen wastes like fruit peelings, cooked and uncooked meat, tea bags and even flower and tissue can be dropped into the bucket. Once these ingredients are fermented, it can be mixed with soil as a conditioner.


The process

Though considered composting, Bokashi deviates from the traditional composting, specifically with its chemical and biological developments.

Bokashi ferments the organic matters, that is your kitchen scraps, instead of decaying them as in the case of composting. In effect, it has less odor and the matters are somehow preserved with an altered acidity appropriate for land cultivation. It is also an anaerobic procedure, requiring the absence of oxygen to ferment.

The ingredient that sets everything in motion is the EM. Microorganisms work to restore the balance in the soil’s ecosystem, and eventually its condition.

So how then do you do Bokashi? you ask. You can check out to this steps:

Step 1: Cut the organic wastes into small sizes and prepare the other materials

Step 2: Sprinkle a layer of bokashi power on the bottom of the bucket.

Step 3: Put a layer of organic waste.

Step 4: Pour in more Bokashi powder.

Step 5: Add the EM.

Step 6: Flatten the layers equally.

Step 7: Place a flat cover on top.

Step 8: Tightly seal the bucket with its cover.

Step 9: After 2 to 3 days for the first drain of the Bokashi tea, then every after a few next.

Step 10: Keep the mixture for two weeks and it’ll be ready for use.

Repeat the following steps until the bucket is full. Check your bucket for foul odor because it might mean that you didn’t succeed.

Bokashi is perfect for those with minimal time to spare. There is no need for strenuous activities.  


The benefits

  • Suited for small homes

It’s no excuse that you have a small space at home. What makes Bokashi suited for urban composting is the convenience of using smaller bins. You don’t even have to sweat out digging  soil. Everything is doable in the comforts of your abode.

  • Easy process

Bokashi is fairly simple to achieve. With ten (10) simple steps, you’ve got yourself a bucket full of soil conditioner.  The microbes do most of the job. Your contribution is to ensure that you drain the extract. You can now sell them to earn extra or use them on your garden.

  • No foul smell

Fermentation is not totally foreign to us. We’ve tried a few delicious fermented food selections and it’s even a staple in some households.

While we’re not going to eat the Bokashi produce, you’ll jump with joy to know that it does not emit a disgusting rotten smell. The fermented waste will smell like sweet pickled food.

Bokashi is easily a good choice to start your green life!


Photo © Pfctdayelise

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